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Mandatory E-Filing FAQs
Why is FinCEN mandating E-Filing?
In an effort to improve efficiency, reduce government and industry costs, and enhance the ability of FinCEN, law enforcement, and regulators to gain better and timelier access to important financial information, the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) is requiring the electronic filing of certain FinCEN reports. Additionally, BSA E-Filing allows organizations or individuals to electronically and securely file discrete and batched FinCEN reports. It also allows a registered user to send secure messages to FinCEN (and receive responses where appropriate).
When did FinCEN decide to make E-Filing mandatory?
On September 16, 2011, FinCEN issued a notice and request for comments on the proposed requirement for electronic filing.1 On December 20, 2011, FinCEN issued an update extending the deadline for adopting the new CTR and SAR reports to March 31, 2013, but also indicated that FinCEN intends to mandate electronic filing of reports after June 30, 2012. A Final Notice mandating E-Filing was issued by FinCEN on February 24, 2012 (Final Notice 77 Fed. Reg. 12367 (2012)). For more information please visit http://www.fincen.gov/news_room/nr/pdf/20120223.pdf, E-Filing is mandatory as of July 1, 2012 unless you were granted a temporary exemption.
What steps must be taken to register for E-Filing?
Visit the BSA E-Filing System. Click Become a BSA E-Filer and follow the instructions in order to enroll yourself as an individual FBAR filer or your organization as a Supervisory User in BSA E-Filing. The enrollment process can take from five to seven days. If your organization has already enrolled in BSA E-Filing, contact your organization's Supervisory User to obtain instructions for enrolling yourself as a general user.
Is there a cost to participating in BSA E-Filing?
No, the BSA E-Filing system is free.
When does E-Filing become mandatory?
With limited exceptions, E-Filing is mandatory effective July 1, 2012.
What FinCEN Reports must be E-Filed?
Most all FinCEN reports fall within the E-Filing mandate. For practical reasons, the Currency and Monetary Instrument Report (CMIR), which is most often completed by individuals upon physically crossing the border into the United States, is not included in the mandate. FinCEN Form 8300, Report of Cash Payments Over $10,000 Received in a Trade or Business, may also continue to be filed on paper. To receive the various benefits received from E-Filing, FinCEN encourages individuals to E-File FBARs (Reports of Foreign Bank and Financial Accounts) electronically and has made that option available at the BSA E-Filing website. However, FinCEN granted a general exemption for mandatory E-Filing for the FBAR until June 30, 2013. E-Filing for all other reports is mandatory effective July 1, 2012.
When are the new FinCEN reports required to be filed?
FinCEN will continue to accept the most current "legacy" reports submitted via E-Filing until the mandated use of the new reports on March 31, 2013.
What happens if a paper report is submitted after the July 1, 2012, electronic deadline?
FinCEN may impose civil money penalties for noncompliance with our regulations, including $500 for each negligent currency transaction or suspicious activity reporting violation under 31 C.F.R. § 1010.820.
Where can I find more information about BSA E-Filing?
For more information about BSA E-Filing, please review the E-Filing Section on FinCEN's Web site. FinCEN is committed to working with financial institutions to increase their understanding of the value of E-Filing and has issued a brochure that highlights its benefits. For other technology-related questions specific to E-Filing, please call the BSA E-Filing Help desk at 1-866-346-9478. FinCEN has additionally prepared an instructional presentation on how to file electronically.